Removal Of Solids, Total Coliform, E.Coli, UV254, Colour And Turbidity Using Limestone Filter In Riverbank Filtration

Mohd Yusoff, Siti Nur Aishah (2018) Removal Of Solids, Total Coliform, E.Coli, UV254, Colour And Turbidity Using Limestone Filter In Riverbank Filtration. Project Report. Universiti Sains Malaysia, Pusat Pengajian Kejuruteraan Awam. (Submitted)

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The rapid urbanization and growth of the population in Malaysia have led to increase demand for water. It has also caused an elevation of pollution level, especially in water bodies which acts as a water source. The use of riverbank filtration system (RBF) as pre-treatment method in the water treatment plant has become a common interest in recent years. Due to natural attenuation process of filtration and sorption by various types of filter media, RBF has high potential to filter contaminants. In this study, limestone was used as a filter media in a laboratory scale RBF system. The physical and chemical characteristics of limestone were first determined before and after the experiment by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and x-ray fluorescence (XRF) methods. Two difference ranges of limestone sizes, 1.18 mm-2 mm and 2.36 mm- 4.75 mm were used as a porous media and the sample of water was taken from Sungai Kerian, Lubok Buntar, Perak as a case study site. The removal efficiencies of selected water parameters namely suspended solids, total coliform, E. coli, UV254, colour and turbidity were determined within 15 days of the experiment. The sizes of particles retained and the morphology of media were also determined by using particle analyzer and SEM machine, respectively. From the SEM results, it showed that the limestone was made of rhombohedral cleavage plane and the combination of micron-size crystal along with the small size of pores. The limestone used in this study was mainly made up of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) and categorized as calcite. The calcite contains 52.93% of calcium oxide (CaO) and 0.66% of magnesium oxide (MgO). The result from the column study showed that the removal of particles and total dissolved solids (TDS) using limestone could not be determined due to the leaching of limestone which added the impurities into the water. Limestone with size 1.18mm-2.0mm and 2.36mm-4.75mm did show a significant difference in the removal efficiencies of total coliform, suspended solid, E.coli, turbidity, UV254 and colour. The removal efficiencies obtained for the following parameters suspended solids (SS), total coliform, E. coli, UV254, colour and turbidity were 91%-97%, 82%-93%, 93%-98%, 28%-40%, 60%-83% and 78-83%, respectively for both column. No breakthrough was observed within 15 days of the experiment. The addition of limestone has increased the pH of the water sample from 6.19 before filtration to 6.53 and 6.57 for the final pH at effluent in column 1 and column 2 respectively.

Item Type: Monograph (Project Report)
Subjects: T Technology
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Kampus Kejuruteraan (Engineering Campus) > Pusat Pengajian Kejuruteraan Awam (School of Civil Engineering) > Monograph
Depositing User: Mr Engku Shahidil Engku Ab Rahman
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2022 07:52
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2022 07:52

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