Preparation And Characterization Of Poly (Acrylate) Emulsion For Pour Point Depressant Application

Abd Razak, Ahmad Shaiful (2019) Preparation And Characterization Of Poly (Acrylate) Emulsion For Pour Point Depressant Application. Masters thesis, Universiti Sains Malaysia.

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Emulsion pour point depressant (PPD) is gaining extensive consideration in solving the solidification issue of conventional PPD at lower temperature. By producing PPD emulsion via polymerization system, low-temperature flow ability of PPD can be achieved. The main objective of this study is to establishing the correlation between process parameter and particles properties towards stability and performance of emulsion poly (acrylate) PPD. This study considered the effects of monomer loading towards various outputs, i.e. molecular weight, particle size, physicochemical, performance and the correlation between monomer loading and storage condition on the emulsion stability. Two type of acrylate monomer were used, methacrylate (MA) and methylmethacrylate (MMA) respectively. The monomer loading of the prepared acrylate emulsion were varied from 10 wt. % to 30 wt. %, respectively. PPD samples were characterized using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Gel Permeation Chromatography (GPC) unit. The performance of the PPD samples were evaluated by taking measurements of the pour point, physicochemical, thermal, zeta potential and particle size measurement. The increment of monomer loading resulted in a higher average molecular weight up to an optimum monomer loading of 20 wt.%. The value of the highest molecular weight, obtained was 4.09 x 107 g/mol for methyl methacrylate emulsion of 20 wt. % monomer loading. The particle size of the both emulsion poly (acrylate) PPD samples shows increment trends under the influence of monomer loading. The smallest particle size obtained was 64nm for sample methacrylate emulsion (10 wt.ix %). The stability of PPD 10 wt. %, 15 wt. % and 20 wt. % was found to have excellent stability with the ability to maintain its colloidal stability after 15 cycles of freeze thaw. The findings showed by manipulating the molecular weight through monomer loading subsequently affected the molecular weight distribution, size and distribution of PPD particle which subsequently contributed to the stability and performance of the PPD emulsion system. Furthermore, the performance analysis showed increment trends confirming that monomer loading is among the principal factor that contributes to the increment of emulsion PPD pour point performance.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: T Technology
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401-492 Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials
Divisions: Kampus Kejuruteraan (Engineering Campus) > Pusat Pengajian Kejuruteraan Bahan & Sumber Mineral (School of Material & Mineral Resource Engineering) > Thesis
Depositing User: Mr Mohamed Yunus Mat Yusof
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2021 08:00
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2021 03:42

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