Assessment of Malaysian Cornsilk Bioactive Compounds and Its Cytotoxicity test on Brine Shrimp (Artemia salina)

Wan Rosli, W. I. and Mat Ali, Solihah (2016) Assessment of Malaysian Cornsilk Bioactive Compounds and Its Cytotoxicity test on Brine Shrimp (Artemia salina). Health and the Environment Journal, 7 (1). pp. 124-138. ISSN 2180-1126

PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (159kB) | Preview
Official URL:


Cornsilk contains various beneficial phytochemical compounds. There are claims that cornsilk exhibits various biological activities in vivo. The aim of the present study was to determine the cornsilk bioactive compounds and the cytotoxicity effect of cornsilk extract on brine shrimp. Cornsilk was extracted using different solvents with single extraction procedures. All phytochemical compounds samples were identified via GC-MS equipment. The brine shrimp toxicity test was observed to obtain LC50 value for both extracts. Eleven compounds were identified in the aqueous extract of cornsilk (AEC) while methanolic extract of cornsilk (MEC) contained 4 compounds. These compounds consist of cyclopentane-ethyl, 2-methylheptane, furfural, furfuryl alcohol, furfuryl-5-methyl, 1-naphtol, lactone-G, cis-2-pentenal, pyranone, hydroxymethyl furfural and palmitic acid. There was only 1 similar compound found in both extracts which was the hydroxymethyl furfural. Cytotoxicity test showed that cornsilk is non toxic. The LC50 values found in AEC and MEC were 3151.34 and 1350.65, respectively. Our result found that cornsilk contained various bioactive compounds which positively supported most of the therapeutic activity claimed. In brief, the cytotoxicity test shows that cornsilk is non toxic for human consumption due to its high LC50 value.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cornsilk, brine shrimp mortality, bioactive compound, cytotoxicity test
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
T Technology > TX Home economics > TX341-641 Nutrition. Foods and food supply
Divisions: Kampus Kesihatan (Health Campus) > Pusat Pengajian Sains Kesihatan (School of Health Sciences) > Health and the Environment Journal
Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM Press) > Health and the Environment Journal

Zoom Profil Pakar (Expert Profile) > Wan Rosli Wan Ishak (Health Sciences)
Depositing User: Administrator Automasi
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2017 09:33
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2017 05:02

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item