Oil-From-Water Removal Under Low Gradient Magnetic Separation (LGMS)

Runnizam, Muhaimin Hazmi Khai (2022) Oil-From-Water Removal Under Low Gradient Magnetic Separation (LGMS). Project Report. Universiti Sains Malaysia, Pusat Pengajian Kejuruteraan Kimia. (Submitted)

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A magnetic Pickering emulsion (MPE) was synergistically stabilized by the iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) coated by poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate) (PSS) and poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDDA) as well as the adjacent PDDA molecules. MPE, IONP, IONP-PSS, and IONP-PSS-PDDA were synthesised. Their chemical, physical, and magnetic characteristics were analysed in depth. Under macroscopic motion of MPE, the synthesised MPE was examined. A smartphone camera captured the fluctuating turbidity of the MPE suspension. ImageJ was used to analyse all photos. The MPE magnetic separation efficiency reached 80% in 30 minutes on a macroscopic scale under all conditions. However, the MPE colloidal stability was lowest at pH 10 compared to pH 3 and DI water under a flocculation time of 2 hours. MPE at pH 10 needed the least time to achieve the greatest separation efficiency. As a result, MPE at pH 10 exhibited cooperative magnetophoresis, as it irreversibly flocculated during magnetophoresis. During the macroscopic study, the MPE did not deform or coalesce under the magnetic field B of 0.02 T ~ 0.64 T and magnetic field gradient (dB/dz), ∇B of 25.09 T/m ~ 94.57 T/m. Magnetophoresis study demonstrated that IONP-composites on emulsion droplets corresponded with significant positive MPE zeta potential. This is because, in addition to IONP-PSS-PDDA, PDDA molecules occupied considerable portions of emulsion droplet surfaces. Magnetophoresis of newly synthesised MPE improved oil recovery prospects.

Item Type: Monograph (Project Report)
Subjects: T Technology
T Technology > TP Chemical Technology > TP155-156 Chemical engineering
Divisions: Kampus Kejuruteraan (Engineering Campus) > Pusat Pengajian Kejuruteraan Kimia (School of Chemical Engineering) > Monograph
Depositing User: Mr Mohamed Yunus Mat Yusof
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2022 07:53
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2022 07:53
URI: http://eprints.usm.my/id/eprint/55456

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