It Is? It Is Not? Identifying Portulaca by Morphology and DNA Barcodes

Fam, Jia Yee and Yu, Hai Ping and Fathimath, Sumeyha and Selvarajah, Geeta (2019) It Is? It Is Not? Identifying Portulaca by Morphology and DNA Barcodes. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences, 89. pp. 339-352. ISSN 2357-1330

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Amongst Portulaca species are weeds but also medicinal herbs and ornamentals. Differentiation between weeds and crops enable early removal of weeds preventing retardation of crop growth. Authenticating medicinal herbs prevents the sale of substitutions that lowers the effectiveness of the medicine, and potentially endangers lives. Species identification thus helps attain Sustainable Development Goals 2, 3, 14, and 15 of the United Nations. Identification using DNA barcoding is recommended, but barcoding may fail depending on plant groups, sampling regions, loci and data analysis methods used. Thus, BLAST and tree topology was used to test DNA markers of nuclear loci (ITS1 and ITS2) and chloroplast loci (rbcl and trnL-F) for their ability to identify or differentiate Malaysian plant species morphologically characterised as Portulaca oleracea, Portulaca umbraticola, and Portulaca grandiflora. The locus ITS1 enabled the identification of two of the species correctly using standard BLAST scores and discriminated all three species using tree topology. ITS2 could identify all three species accurately but only using a BLAST, based on secondary structure alignment. The rbcl locus was unable to identify or discriminate the species due to lack of variability between sequences of different species. While trnL-F could not identify using BLAST because the database is currently not populated with sequences for all species, resulting in identification to the most closely related species with sequences on the database, which was incorrect. Thus, we recommend the use of ITS1 and ITS2 loci for identifying Portulaca species until trnL-F sequences of more species populate the database for dependable species identification.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany > QK640-707 Plant anatomy
Divisions: Pusat Pengajian Ilmu Kemanusiaan (School of Humanities) > International Conference on Humanities (ICH)
Koleksi Penganjuran Persidangan (Conference Collection) > International Conference on Humanities (ICH)
Depositing User: Mr Musa Mohamed Ghazali
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2020 07:10
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2020 07:10

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