Utilization Of Natural Clay Derivatives For The Effective Treatment Of Ametryn And Metolachlor

Ab Shattar, Siti Fairos (2017) Utilization Of Natural Clay Derivatives For The Effective Treatment Of Ametryn And Metolachlor. Masters thesis, Universiti Sains Malaysia.

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Abstract

A new route for the conversion of natural clay, montmorillonite and bentonite into a series of new functionalized adsorbents via simple chemical treatment has been presented. The unique application for the effective remediation of secondary pesticides, ametryn and metalachlor, widely applied for the control of nuisance insects, plants and fungi has been attempted. The clays were subjected to hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (HDTMA) and acid modifications, while the novel application was examined using batch adsorption experiments by varying the operational parameters, initial concentration, contact time, and solution pH. The physical and chemical characteristics including the surface morphology, pore structural properties, surface functional groups, and zero-point-of-charge (pHzpc) were evaluated. Equilibrium data were simulated using the Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin isotherm models, while the kinetic model was fitted to the pseudo-first order, pseudo-second order and Elovich kinetic equations. Result illustrated an encouraging performance towards the removal of ametryn and metolachlor. The adsorptive uptake of pesticides was found to be highly pH dependent, favouring the adsorption uptake of ametryn and metolachlor at the acidic condition. Increasing the initial concentrations from 25 mg/L to 150 mg/L, and 50 mg/L to 400 mg/L showed a greater adsorption uptake for ametryn of 23.89-132.09 mg/g, 23.36-128.46 mg/g, 12.49-50.12 mg/g, and 24.88-148.91 mg/g, for montmorillonite, AM and ANC, and AB, while the adsorption uptake of metolachlor increased from 7.23-38.69 mg/g, 7.32-26.15 mg/g and 18.45-48.98 mg/g, respectively for HM, HNC, and AB. Equilibrium data was satisfactory fitted to the Langmuir isotherm model, while the adsorption kinetic was best described by the pseudo-second order model. Examination of the textural structure verified pore development, with a series of cavities distributed around the surface, with the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface areas ranging from 2.12 to 245.64 m2/g. Morphological study supported the presumption that the intercalation of hexadecyltrimetylammonium bromide (HDTMA) and acid modification process was successfully attained. Alteration of Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) bands signified the modification and development of the new functionalities on the clay derivatives. The findings supported the great potential of these clay-derivatives as an economically advantageous solution and viable technique for the successive remediation of pesticides contaminated water.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: T Technology
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA1-2040 Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Kampus Kejuruteraan (Engineering Campus) > Pusat Penyelidikan Kejuruteraan Sungai dan Saliran Bandar (REDAC) > Thesis
Depositing User: Mr Mohamed Yunus Mat Yusof
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2020 04:46
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2020 03:03
URI: http://eprints.usm.my/id/eprint/46366

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