An Efficient Energy Aware Adaptive System-On-Chip Architecture For Real-Time Video Analytics

Ahmed, Hisham Ahmed Ali (2016) An Efficient Energy Aware Adaptive System-On-Chip Architecture For Real-Time Video Analytics. PhD thesis, Universiti Sains Malaysia.

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The video analytics applications which are mostly running on embedded devices have become prevalent in today’s life. This proliferation has necessitated the development of System-on-Chips (SoC) to perform utmost processing in a single chip rather than discrete components. Embedded vision is bounded by stringent requirements, namely real-time performance, limited energy, and Adaptivity to cope with the standards evolution. Additionally, to design such complex SoCs, particularly in Zynq All Programmable SoC, the traditional hardware/software codesign approaches, which rely on software profiling to perform the hardware/software partitioning, have fallen short of achieving this task because profiling cannot predict the performance of application on hardware, thus, a model that relates the application characteristics to the platform performance is inevitable. Delivering real-time performance for the fast-growing video resolutions while maintaining the architecture flexibility is non-viable on processors, Graphic Processing Unit, Digital Signal Processor, and Application Specific Integrated Circuit. Furthermore, with semiconductor technology scaling, increased power dissipation is expected; whereas, the battery capacity is not expected to increase significantly. A Performance model for Zynq is developed using analytical method and used in hardware/software codesign to facilitate algorithms mapping to hardware. Afterwards, an SoC for real-time video analytics is realized on Zynq using Harris corner detection algorithm. A careful analysis of the algorithm and efficient utilization of Zynq resources results in highly parallelized and pipelined architecture outperforms the state-of-the-art. Running on a developed energy-aware adaptive SoC and utilizing dynamic partial reconfiguration, a context-aware configuration scheduler adheres to operating context and trades off between video resolution and energy consumption to sustain the uttermost operation time while delivering real-time performance. A realtime corners detection at 79.8, 176.9, and 504.2 frame per second for HD1080, HD720, and VGA, respectively, is achieved which outperform the state-of-the-art for HD720 by 31 times and for VGA by 3.5 times. The scheduler configures, at run-time, the appropriate hardware that satisfies the operating context and user-defined constraints among the accelerators that are developed for HD1080, HD720, and VGA video standards. The self-adaptive method achieves 1.77 times longer operation time than a parametrized IP core for the same battery capacity, with negligible reconfiguration energy overhead. A marginal effect of reconfiguration time overhead is observed, for instance, only two video frames are dropped for HD1080p60 during the reconfiguration. Facilitating the design process by using analytical modeling, and the efficient utilization of Zynq resources along with self-adaptivity results in an efficient energyaware SoC that provides real-time performance for video analytics.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Subjects: T Technology
T Technology > TK Electrical Engineering. Electronics. Nuclear Engineering
Divisions: Kampus Kejuruteraan (Engineering Campus) > Pusat Pengajian Kejuruteraaan Elektrik & Elektronik (School of Electrical & Electronic Engineering) > Thesis
Depositing User: Mr Mohamed Yunus Mat Yusof
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2020 07:33
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2020 07:23

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