Pcie Ip Validation Process Across Process Corner, Voltage And Temperature Conditions

Abdul Karim, Nurul Izyan (2017) Pcie Ip Validation Process Across Process Corner, Voltage And Temperature Conditions. Masters thesis, Universiti Sains Malaysia.

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    Abstract

    IP validation has become more challenging for FPGA device as it supports high operating speed. The Peripheral Component Interconnect Express (PCIe) is an IP used for high speed data transfer that supported by Intel FPGAs. The base specifications of PCIe 3.0 supports 8.0 GT/s, 5.0 GT/s and 2.5 GT/s. The link training and Initialization takes place at physical layer to initialize the link width and link data rate. The physical layer is getting more complex when it supports higher speed. The operational state only happens when Link Training and Status State Machine (LTSSM) reaches L0 state after device being configured. The stability of link training is improved by optimizing the soft logic design in application layer. Two protocol tests usually validated in industry are link up testing and link & higher layer testing. Debugging tools supported by Quartus are fully utilized to detect any failure during link training. The characterization of link performance covers process corners, voltage and temperature conditions are hard to analyze. By using hypothesis testing method, data collected gives a clear trend on the PCIe link performance. The H0 statement shows a significant difference for passing and failing case. In this research, the worst case happened at low voltage and low temperature regardless of any process corners. The p-value is greater than 0.05 proved H0 statement is accepted. The difference on passing and failing percentage is insignificantly impacting overall link performance of PCIe. It concludes that the bug is random and not caused by any defects on the silicon layout of FPGA device. Thus, IP validation shows the robustness of the device and able to comply with base specification of PCIe.

    Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
    Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical Engineering. Electronics. Nuclear Engineering > TK1-9971 Electrical engineering. Electronics. Nuclear engineering
    Divisions: Kampus Kejuruteraan (Engineering Campus) > Pusat Pengajian Kejuruteraaan Elektrik & Elektronik (School of Electrical & Electronic Engineering) > Thesis
    Depositing User: Mr Mohd Fadli Abd Rahman
    Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2018 12:25
    Last Modified: 17 May 2018 11:09
    URI: http://eprints.usm.my/id/eprint/39579

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