The transformation of local governance and public participation : a study of four villages in Java after the reformasi

Mutiarin, Dyah (2006) The transformation of local governance and public participation : a study of four villages in Java after the reformasi. PhD thesis, Universiti Sains Malaysia.

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    Abstract

    Gerakan reformasi telah membawa perubahan hampir di segala aspek kehidupan sosial di Indonesia. Seiring dengan tuntutan ke arah demokrasi, Undang-Undang No.22/1999 mengenai Pemerintahan Daerah telah menciptakan dasar hukum bagi terbentuknya urustadbir tempatan yang baik dan lebih banyak partisipasi awam dalam proses pembuatan keputusan negara. Undang-Undang ini memberikan kekuatan politik yang lebih besar bagi parlimen tempatan (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah/DPRD) dan membentuk parlimen peringkat desa (Badan Perwakilan Desa/BPD) di desa-desa. Kajian ini memfokuskan pada transformasi urustadbir pada peringkat desa setelah reformasi. Hujahnya adalah bahawa sekarang hubungan antara bupati dan DPRD di peringkat kabupaten berbeda dengan hubungan antara lurah dan BPD di desa. Di peringkat kabupaten ditemukan bahawa kekuasaan yang diberikan DPRD secara awam telah disalahgunakan untuk kepentingan peribadi. Di peringkat desa ditemukan bahawa BPD melakukan peranan penting dalam urustadbir peringkat desa. Kenyataannya, kekuasaan terbagi antara BPD dan urustadbir peringkat desa. Mekanisme kawal dan imbang semakin dapat dilakukan sehingga proses pembuatan keputusan di peringkat desa menjadi lebih telus dan bartanggungjawab. Kajian membuktikan bahawa perubahan-perubahan penting telah berlaku dalam urustadbir peringkat desa, khasnya dalam BPD, di kalangan pegawai pentadbiran peringkat desa, Lembaga Ketahanan Masyarakat Desa/LKMD, Pembinaan Kesejahteraan Keluarga/PKK dan badan yang lain. The reformasi movement brought about changes in nearly all aspects of social life in Indonesia. Along with the thrust toward democracy, Law No.22/1999 on regional administration has established the legal foundation for local good governance and more public participation in the country's decision making process. This law grants more political power to the district parliament (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah, DPRD) and provides for the formation of the local council (Badan Perwakilan Desa, BPD) in the villages. This study focuses on the transformation of village governance after reformasi. It argues that the current relationship between the Bupati and the DPRD in the district level is different from that between the Lurah and the BPD in the village. At the district level, it is found that the power that was given to the DPRD has been generally misused for personal narrow interests. At the village level, it is found out that the BPD has been taking up an important role in village governance. In fact, power is shared between the BPD and the village government. A check and balance mechanism is being put into place so that the decision-making process at the village level is becoming more transparent and accountable. This study documents important changes that have occurred in village administration, particularly in the BPD, the village government officials, LKMD, PKK, and other institutions.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General) > H1-99 Social sciences (General)
    Divisions: Pusat Pengajian Sains Kemasyarakatan (School of Social Sciences)
    Depositing User: Mr Noorazilan Noordin
    Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2017 09:10
    Last Modified: 06 Jul 2017 09:10
    URI: http://eprints.usm.my/id/eprint/35402

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