Capital Penetration And Coping Strategies Of Traditional Hindu Fisherfolk In Bangladesh

Rashid, Mohammed Mamun Or (2022) Capital Penetration And Coping Strategies Of Traditional Hindu Fisherfolk In Bangladesh. PhD thesis, Universiti Sains Malaysia..

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Bangladesh is a lower-middle-income country in South Asia where traditional fishermen, herein, Jaladas are at risk of chronic poverty. This study was conducted in two Jaladas villages to identify the socio-economic transformations caused by the inflows of capitals from different actors and the roles of various market functionaries, traditional social institutions, and power relations. Moreover, it aims to examine the coping strategies; and providing policy recommendations for their inclusion and wellbeing. This study adopted the qualitative research design, specifically the Key Informant Interview (KII), Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and household level case studies. A random survey of 100 households was conducted. The findings revealed that NGO-led interventions increase awareness, leadership development, education, access to health and sanitation facilities, and provide alternative employment skills to improve the quality of life in one of the villages studied. In the meantime, the increase numbers of commercial entrepreneurs have led higher over-exploitation of fisheries resources where powerful market functionaries control the fish marketing structure. At the same time, social bondage, kinship, and roles of traditional institutions become dysfunctional due to the entrance of multiple capitals. This situation creates critical conditions reducing the fishermen’s real income and assets, pushing their way from their inherited occupation. Jaladas communities cope with individual and collective initiatives.Based on this situation, this study urges state and global donor agencies to take special and urgent attention to the socio-economic and political empowerment of the Jaladas. Correspondingly, there is a need for a management plan for marginalized artisanal fishers, formation of specialized banks, allowing direct cash transfer during fishing ban, and ensuring the proper execution legal provisions for fishing labors in big boats, and policy revision in favor of disadvantaged fishermen.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General) > H1-99 Social sciences (General)
Divisions: Pusat Pengajian Sains Kemasyarakatan (School of Social Sciences) > Thesis
Depositing User: Mr Noor Azizan Abu Hashim
Date Deposited: 18 May 2023 04:50
Last Modified: 18 May 2023 04:50

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