Fabrication And Characterization Of Black Silicon For Heterojunction Solar Cells

Abdulkadir, Auwal (2022) Fabrication And Characterization Of Black Silicon For Heterojunction Solar Cells. PhD thesis, Perpustakaan Hamzah Sendut.

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Black silicon (b-Si) is a promising technology that reduces broadband reflection within 300-1100 nm wavelength region and improves light absorption in crystalline silicon (c-Si). B-Si consists of a surface with random nanowires or a combination of nanowires and microtextures (hybrid textures) which leads to a refractive index grading effect at the air/c-Si interface. In this work, electroless metal-assisted chemical etching (MACE) is used to fabricate b-Si. One-step MACE, two-step MACE and hybrid microtextures/nanotextures investigating different effects such as etching time, etchants concentration, silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) layer thickness towards surface morphological and optical properties (within 300-1100 nm wavelength region) of the b-Si are carried out. Two step MACE involve shorter AgNO3:HF dip time. The hybrid texturing involves prior etching in NaOH to produce pyramids. For one-step MACE, nanowires with an average length of ~2.9 μm and an average diameter of ~120 nm are demonstrated. Weighted average reflection (WAR) of 6.0% has been realized. For two-step MACE, nanowires with an average length of 577 nm and diameter of ~200 nm are produced with WAR of ~5.5%. For hybrid textures, nanowires with lengths between 450-600 nm have been obtained on the pyramids with base widths of 3-12 μm and heights of 3-8 μm. The nanowires have lateral width of 30-40 nm. WAR of ~7.2% is obtained. For solar cell fabrication, p-type b-Si is used for ITO/b-Si based heterojunction solar cells and n-type b-Si is used for PEDOT:PSS/b-Si based heterojunction solar cells.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > QC1 Physics (General)
Divisions: Pusat Pengajian Sains Fizik (School of Physics) > Thesis
Depositing User: HJ Hazwani Jamaluddin
Date Deposited: 11 May 2023 06:23
Last Modified: 11 May 2023 08:10
URI: http://eprints.usm.my/id/eprint/58454

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