Validity and reliability of the malay translated version of the cyberbullying scale among secondary school adolescents in Muar, Johor

Saman, Zaitun Mohd (2020) Validity and reliability of the malay translated version of the cyberbullying scale among secondary school adolescents in Muar, Johor. Masters thesis, Universiti Sains Malaysia.

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Introduction: Cyberbullying gives negative impacts on adolescent and still under-reported in Malaysia. Cyberbullying Scale (CBS) is used to measure cyberbullying; nonetheless, due to the cultural, language and environmental differences between western and eastern population, the validity and reliability need to be established before it can be used. Objectives: To evaluate the validity and reliability of Cyberbullying Scale in Malay version (CBS-M) among secondary school students in Johor, as well as to determine the correlation with DASS-21 and Online Protection Behavior. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study which involved self-administered questionnaire was conducted in two phases, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) phase and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) phase. Participants were recruited using a multistage cluster sampling method. Descriptive statistics, EFA and CFA and correlation analysis were applied by using RStudio Version 1.2.5033. Results: A total of 401 respondents participated in this study, EFA phase consisted 138 respondents and CFA phase consisted 263 respondents. For EFA phase, the majority of the respondents were female (65.9%) and Malay (89.9%). Results for EFA showed factor loading of all the items ranged from 0.3 to 0.7, and communalities ranged from 0.08 to 0.56. All items of CBS-M were remaining in the model during the EFA phase and the measuring reliability by Cronbach’s alpha was 0.87. CFA assessment reported the final model of CBS-M with a one factor model with all 14 items remaining, with the value of fit indices CFI = 0.946, TLI = 0.932, SRMR = 0.055 and RMSEA = 0.049. The fit indices were within the acceptable range. The composite reliability was 0.832. There was a significant positive correlation between CBS-M with stress, anxiety and depression. Conclusion: CBS-M consisted of one factor with 14 items and has good correlation with DASS-21. The questionnaire is a valid and reliable tool to be used among young adolescents in Malaysia.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cyberbullying Scale, school children, Malaysia, validity, reliability
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare > HV6251-6773.55 Crimes and offenses
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Kampus Kesihatan (Health Campus) > Pusat Pengajian Sains Perubatan (School of Medical Sciences) > Thesis
Depositing User: Mr Husnan Budin
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2023 07:11
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2023 07:11

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