Chromatographic Enrichment Of Bioactive Quassinoids In Tongkat Ali For The Improvement Of Spermatogenesis

Chung, Wan Jie (2018) Chromatographic Enrichment Of Bioactive Quassinoids In Tongkat Ali For The Improvement Of Spermatogenesis. Masters thesis, Universiti Sains Malaysia.

Download (552kB) | Preview


Eurycoma longifolia Jack roots, traditionally used as herbal remedies for increasing libido and better health conditions, contain a high content of quassinoids, the bitter substances and alkaloidal canthinones, indigenous in the Simaroubaceae family that are responsible for the plant pharmacological properties. Amongst the quassinoids, the 20-carbon eurycomanone (EN), 13α(21)-epoxyeurycomanone (EP), eurycomanol (EL) and 13α,21-dihydroeurycomanone (DHY), possess anti-malarial, anti-ulcer, anti-pyretic, anti-osteoporosis, aphrodisiac and anti-infertility properties. In the present study, the chromatographic separation employing macroporous resin Diaion HP-20, Sepabeads SP-700 and SP-207 were evaluated for the enrichment of EN and DHY in E. longifolia methanolic extract. Results showed that among the three macroporous resin, Diaion HP-20 performed the best enrichment and separation characteristics. After single chromatographic fractionation with Diaion HP-20, the content of EN and DHY were increased from 6.13 % and 0.54 % to 30.40 % to 13.96 % w/w, respectively. Meanwhile, a simple and reliable high performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection method was developed and validated for the determination of EN and DHY. Subsequently, the EN-rich and DHY-rich fractions were subjected to pharmacokinetic evaluation in rats. The present finding indicated that DHY was able to achieve a higher peak concentration (Cmax) and total area under the curve (AUC0-∞) compared to those of EN in oral dosing.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R735-854 Medical education. Medical schools. Research
Divisions: Pusat Pengajian Sains Farmasi (School of Pharmacy) > Thesis
Depositing User: HJ Hazwani Jamaluddin
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2021 06:24
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 06:24

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item