Low Socio-Economic Status Among Coastal Fishing Families in Southern Sri Lanka

Dayalatha, W. K. V. (2019) Low Socio-Economic Status Among Coastal Fishing Families in Southern Sri Lanka. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences, 89. pp. 139-151. ISSN 2357-1330

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People have fished since the beginning of human history and it was expanded rapidly. Although, fisheries industry is an important sector in the Sri Lankan economy and large number of fishing families are engaging it, they have low socio-economic status affecting industry related causes and income related causes. According to that the study will focus on investigating socio-economic status of the fishing families in the southern coastal region. The main objective is to examine the socio-economic status of the coastal fishing families in the southern coastal region. The study area consisted of coastal DS Divisions from Devinuwara to Ambalangoda and it was carried out in 2014. 10 percent sample (482 households) was used to collect primary data by using random sampling. Primary data were collected through questionnaires while secondary information was collected from the Fisheries offices. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used to analyse the data. Findings indicate that main occupation was fishery and day income was over Rs. 1000 (43.8%). 62.3% of fishermen’ education level was between grade 1 to10. Population of fishing families has increased by 223 percent and 258 percent in Matara and Galle districts from 1980 to 2014 respectively. Due to the study findings, many coastal householders live on fish industry and earn very low incomes. With the increasing of coastal population their family economies collapse. Thus, an introduction of income generating alternative ways is very important to uplift their economy.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions > HC10-1085 Economic history and conditions
H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > HF1021-1027 Commercial geography. Economic geography
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
Divisions: Pusat Pengajian Ilmu Kemanusiaan (School of Humanities) > International Conference on Humanities (ICH)
Koleksi Penganjuran Persidangan (Conference Collection) > International Conference on Humanities (ICH)
Depositing User: Mr Musa Mohamed Ghazali
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2020 15:13
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2020 03:41
URI: http://eprints.usm.my/id/eprint/47849

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