Politics of Donald Trump and Jacinda Ardern in the Christchurch Mosque Shootings: A Critical Discourse Analysis

Daghigh, Ali Jalalian and Rahim, Hajar Abdul (2019) Politics of Donald Trump and Jacinda Ardern in the Christchurch Mosque Shootings: A Critical Discourse Analysis. In: The 5Th International Conference on Linguistics, Literature and Culture. Pusat Pengajian Ilmu Kemanusiaan, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia, pp. 141-144. ISBN 9789674614362

Download (498kB) | Preview


With 1.8 billion adherents of Islam in the world, Muslims make up about 24% of the world’s population. However, their immigration to some Western countries, in the hope of a better life (Syed & Pio, 2017), has made them minorities in the target countries (e.g. UK 5%, Canada 3%, Australia 2%, USA and New Zealand 1%) (Ahmed & Matthes, 2017, p. 227). One of the major problems that they face in the 21st century is a false negative narrative spreading in these countries that terrorists are always Muslims (Corbin, 2017), leading to hatred towards Muslims (Mogan, 2016). This has had several negative impacts such as formation of anti-Muslim groups, anti-Muslim attacks (Pitter, 2017), bullying of school children because of their faith (Abo-Zena, Sahli, & Tobias-Nahi, 2009; Corbin, 2017), mosque shootings in Canada (“Quebec mosque”, 2017) and more recently in New Zealand (Hunter, 2019). The 15 March 2019 shooting in New Zealand was reported to be two consecutive terrorist attacks at mosques in Christchurch, leaving 50 people dead and some other 50 injured. The gunman declared himself as a White nationalist, referring to President Donald Trump as “a symbol of renewed white identity” (Batrawy, 2019). This caused the attacks to be linked mainly to supremacism and alt-right extremism dominating the Western world, specifically the USA emerging from Donald Trump’s administration. Since his presidential campaign Trump’s right-wing populist ideology is characterized by rhetoric of exclusions targeting minorities including Muslims as a threat while promoting supremacy of the Whites (Giroux, 2017). On the other hand, New Zealand’s Prime Minster Jacinda Ardern who advocates social-democratic party intends to create a society in which inequality is lessened and to ensure that every individual, regardless of their background, feels socially and economically secure, and that people show kindness and understanding toward each other (Ardern, 2018). As the discourse of politicians affects the way people perceive themselves and others, the current study analyses the function and meaning of the strategies employed by the two leaders reacting to the mosque shootings in New Zealand to unravel their ideological stance on cultural hybridity resulting from diasporic encounters.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General) > H1-99 Social sciences (General)
Divisions: Pusat Pengajian Ilmu Kemanusiaan (School of Humanities) > International Conference on Linguistics, Literature and Culture (ICLLIC)
Koleksi Penganjuran Persidangan (Conference Collection) > International Conference on Linguistics, Literature and Culture (ICLLIC)
Depositing User: Puan Sukmawati Muhamad
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2019 02:18
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2019 02:18
URI: http://eprints.usm.my/id/eprint/45722

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item