Classification Of P300 Signals In Brain-Computer Interface Using Neural Networks With Adjustable Activation Functions

Aslarzanagh, Seyed Aliakbar Mousavi (2013) Classification Of P300 Signals In Brain-Computer Interface Using Neural Networks With Adjustable Activation Functions. Masters thesis, Universiti Sains Malaysia.

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Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) employs brain’s Electroencephalograms (EEG) signals and Event-related potentials (ERP) such as P300 to provide a direct communication between human brain and computer. P300 speller application is a BCI that finds the location of target character using P300 signals. This application tries to classify brain‘s P300 signals to find the correct character from character board. P300 speller paradigm has two main classification problems. The first problem is the detection of P300 signals from EEG data (classification of P300 signals). Detection of P300 signals is a challenging task due to presence of noise and artifacts in EEG data. The second problem is to correctly recognize the target characters based on P300 signals. Detecting P300 signals is equivalent to detection of a character by a user who was looking about 300 milliseconds before the signal detection. This study aims to classify P300 signals with higher accuracy and recognize the characters with lower character trials by using neural networks with adjustable activation function. The best neural networks model is obtained by conducting three experiments on three NN models which differ based on the activation function in the hidden layers and three standard classifiers. The performance of the best NN model and its classifiers also compared with other classification techniques such as ESVM, CNN and LDA in BCI. The results shows that neural network model NN3 with MoreletWavelet activation function and multi-classifier MultiNC have obtained highest accuracy in P300 classification and character recognition. It also shows that Sensitivity of P300 classification is better describing the ranking of NN models and classifiers in character recognition problem.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75.5-76.95 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions: Pusat Pengajian Sains Komputer (School of Computer Sciences) > Thesis
Depositing User: Mr Mohammad Harish Sabri
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2019 02:15
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2019 05:26

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