A Cost And Power Efficient Ddr4/Gddr5x/Gddr5 Transmitter With 3-Tap Equalizer

Ng , Hoong Chin (2016) A Cost And Power Efficient Ddr4/Gddr5x/Gddr5 Transmitter With 3-Tap Equalizer. Masters thesis, Universiti Sains Malaysia.

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The demand on memory bandwidth has been increasing due to the rapid development in graphics intensive applications and big data analytics. Limited of the I/O and thermal densities, widening of data bus is no longer a feasible option for increasing memory bandwidth. Therefore, high-speed DDR transmitter is the current solution to the increasing demand on memory bandwidth until the through-silicon via technology is matured for 3D integration of memory modules. At high data rate, the channel losses at interconnect have necessitated the equalization on transmitting signal that will incur extra power and area to the transmitter. Achieving low cost and low power has become the greatest challenge in the design of transmitter with equalizer. For this objective, novel driver architecture in hybrid coding scheme was introduced to reduce pre-driver and routing resources. In concert with dual-function pre-driver cells, 3-tap equalization was achieved by manipulating the driver impedance code in a low power ALU. The proposed transmitter has achieved 6.4 Gb/s transmit rate in DDR4 standard with 40 % frequency margin, 10.0 Gb/s transmit rate in DDR5X standard with 5 % frequency margin and 8.0 Gb/s transmit rate in DDR5 standard with 15 % frequency margin. It has a size of 1175 um2 and an energy efficiency of 1.1 pJ/bit at 10 Gb/s GDDR5X interface, which is 50 % lower in power and 35 % lower in area cost when comparing against the power and area cost of the related works. The hybrid-coded driver with ALU-controlled equalizer demonstrates a viable solution to a cost and power efficiency transmitter for DDR4, GDDR5X and GDDR5 standards.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: Accession No: 875005973
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical Engineering. Electronics. Nuclear Engineering > TK7800-8360 Electronics
Divisions: Kampus Kejuruteraan (Engineering Campus) > Pusat Pengajian Kejuruteraaan Elektrik & Elektronik (School of Electrical & Electronic Engineering) > Thesis
Depositing User: Mr Mohd Fadli Abd Rahman
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2018 07:51
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2018 07:51
URI: http://eprints.usm.my/id/eprint/41304

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