Cost-Effective Exercise Programs on Health-Status of Malaysian Diabetic Individuals - A Socio-Psychological Analysis

S, Faria and S, Srilekha and S, Soumendra and M, Rosminah and SI, Mohamed and WM, Izani (2017) Cost-Effective Exercise Programs on Health-Status of Malaysian Diabetic Individuals - A Socio-Psychological Analysis. In: Social Sciences Postgraduate International Seminar (SSPIS) 2017. School of Social Sciences, USM, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia, pp. 283-292. ISBN 9789671544013

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    Abstract

    Lifestyle-related diseases like Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) induces humongous amount of global health and economic burden. This study purports to compare the efficacy of aerobic and combined exercise intervention programs evident amongst T2DM individuals in Kelantan, Malaysia to assess the cost-effectiveness of those exercise interventions. 75 middle-aged T2DM individuals from middle-income population of Kelantan, Malaysia were recruited as participants, and hence they were assessed with HbA1c for evaluation of stability in regulation of blood-glucose level; EuroQol 5D-5L questionnaire for evaluation of perceived health-status; Brunel Mood States (BRUMS) for assessment of changes in mood states and Bender-Gestalt II (BG- II) for evaluation of cognitive competence. After the baseline assessment, they were randomly categorized into 3 groups – control group, and two experimental groups, such as - aerobic exercise training and combined introduction of aerobic and strength-training exercises. Protocol for the exercise interventions was scheduled as 20-50 minutes/day; 3-4 days/ week; for 14 weeks. Thereafter to assess the effectiveness of the intervention programs, postintervention analyses were carried out after 14 weeks. Finally, incremental cost effectiveness ratio (ICER) was calculated to determine the most cost - effective exercise program for the diabetic population. Post-intervention analyses revealed significant improvement in the level of HbA1c; mobility and in overall perceived health status. Further to that, participants of the combined intervention Group had significant improvement in cognitive comprehension and working memory levels. Finally, cost effectiveness analysis showed that combined exercise program has been observed to be the most cost-effective program having the lowest ICER among aerobic and no exercise program in Malaysia.

    Item Type: Book Section
    Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General) > H1-99 Social sciences (General)
    Divisions: Pusat Pengajian Sains Kemasyarakatan (School of Social Sciences) > Social Sciences Postgraduate International Seminar (SSPIS)
    Koleksi Penganjuran Persidangan (Conferences Collection) > Social Sciences Postgraduate International Seminar (SSPIS)
    Depositing User: Puan Sukmawati Muhamad
    Date Deposited: 24 May 2018 14:13
    Last Modified: 24 May 2018 14:13
    URI: http://eprints.usm.my/id/eprint/40580

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