Cost analysis of facial injury treatment in two university hospitals in Malaysia: a prospective study

Sulong, Saperi and Ramli, Roszalina and Ahmed, Zafar and Muhd Nur, Amrizal and Ibrahim, Mohd Ismail and Rashdi, Muhd Fazlynizam and Nordin, Rifqah and Abd Rahman, Normastura and Yusoff, Azizah and Nazimi, Abd Jabar and Abdul Rahman, Roselinda and Abdul Razak, Noorhayati and Mohamed, Norlen (2017) Cost analysis of facial injury treatment in two university hospitals in Malaysia: a prospective study. ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research, 2017 (9). pp. 107-113. ISSN 1178-6981

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Objective: Facial injury (FI) may occur in isolation or in association with injuries to other parts of the body (facial and other injury [FOI]). The objective of this study was to determine the direct treatment costs incurred during the management of facial trauma. Materials and methods: A prospective cohort study on treatment cost for FIs and FOIs due to road-traffic crashes in two university hospitals in Malaysia was conducted from July 2010 to June 2011. The patients were recruited from emergency departments and reviewed after 6 months from the date of initial treatment. Direct cost analysis, comparison of cost and length of hospital stay, and Injury Severity Score (ISS) were performed. Results: A total of 190 patients were enrolled in the study, of whom 83 (43.7%) had FI only, and 107 (56.3%) had FOI. The mean ISS was 5.4. The mean length of stay and costs for patients with FI only were 5.8 days with a total cost of US$1,261.96, whereas patients with FOI were admitted for 7.8 days with a total cost of US$1,716.47. Costs doubled if the treatment was performed under general anesthesia compared to local anesthesia. Conclusion: Treatment of FI and FOI imposes a financial burden on the health care system in Malaysia.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry > RK1-715 Dentistry
Divisions: Kampus Kesihatan (Health Campus) > Pusat Pengajian Sains Pergigian (School of Dental Sciences) > Article
Depositing User: Mr Noorazilan Noordin
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2017 08:18
Last Modified: 02 Oct 2017 08:18

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