Human Resource Practices As Determinants Of Employee Turnover: An Empirical Investigation

Bawa, Muhammad Aminu and Muhammad Jantan, Muhammad Jantan (2005) Human Resource Practices As Determinants Of Employee Turnover: An Empirical Investigation. Asian Academy of Management Journal (AAMJ), 10 (2). pp. 1-12. ISSN 1394-2603

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The volume of literature on the causes of employee turnover continues to grow. In spite of this, attempts to distinguish between the causes of voluntary and involuntary turnover in organizations, though recognized for quite some time, receive little attention from researchers. The two phenomena seem to be influenced by a different set of factors. There are clear-cut theoretical and empirical reasons for this assertion. The objective of this paper is to investigate the relationship between human resource (HR) practices and employee turnover in Malaysia where companies are generally experiencing labour shortage and labour turnover. Using data collected from a census of managers, the study utilized Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and simple regression and tested hypotheses developed to investigate the relationship between HR practices and employee voluntary and involuntary turnover. The results show that (1) staffing process and employee monitoring were effective in reducing involuntary turnover, and (2) none of the HR practices were effective in reducing voluntary turnover. In other words, workers continue to leave or quit irrespective of the type of HR practices implemented. The paper concludes that economic factors such as availability of alternative jobs are most likely relevant in explaining the turnover process. Based on these findings, various strategies were suggested which have wider managerial and policy implications for the management of turnover in similar settings.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28-70 Management. Industrial Management
Divisions: Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM Press) > Asian Academy of Management Journal (AAM)
Depositing User: Mr Firdaus Mohamad
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2017 08:30
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2017 08:30

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