Validating Student-Parent Actions Model (Spa) Of Consistency Using The Rasch Measurement Model

Koh, William Siaw Yen and Ong , Saw Lan (2012) Validating Student-Parent Actions Model (Spa) Of Consistency Using The Rasch Measurement Model. The Asia Pacific Journal of Educators and Education (formerly known as Journal of Educators and Education), 27 (1). pp. 1-20. ISSN 2289-9057

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    Abstract

    The objective of this paper is to investigate the consistency of item selection and the existence of unidimensionality within each construct of the Student-Parent Actions Model (SPA) measurement scale using item response theory (Rasch measurement model). Based on Rasch model, which uses the WINSTEPS program, 373 students' responses were analysed. The sample group, which had a mean age of 16.41 years, was selected from five secondary schools through convenience sampling. The initial 62 items of SPA were analysed within the eight 'a priori' hypothesised dimensions. Rasch's misfit statistics were used to eliminate items that violated the infit and outfit MNSQ criteria of being between 0.70 and 1.30. In combination with the first principal component analysis of standardised residual (PCAR), Rasch's fit statistics were used to analyse unidimensionality within each individual construct. From the Rasch analysis results, 35 items were selected. In total, 27 items were similar to the SPA selected through structural equation modelling (SEM) analysis. All eight constructs exhibited unidimensionality, as PCAR analysis showed explained variances ranging from 47.10% to 73.6% for each individual construct. However, the eigenvalues of unexplained variances in the first contrast were all less than 3.0 indicating unidimensionality within each construct. Overall, SPA exhibited high consistency in the selection of items between the Rasch and SEM methods. When compared to the original SPA, the high percentage of similarity (approximately 80%) for the selected items indicated item selection stability for SPA across the two methods. Multidimensionality for the instrument was also detected.

    Item Type: Article
    Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher Education
    Divisions: Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM Press) > The Asia Pacific Journal of Educators and Education (formerly known as Journal of Educators and Education)
    Depositing User: Mr Firdaus Mohamad
    Date Deposited: 25 May 2017 14:19
    Last Modified: 25 May 2017 14:19
    URI: http://eprints.usm.my/id/eprint/34606

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