Pest Status, Sustainable Pest Management And Development Of An Online Pest Reporting System For Healthcare Facilities In Singapore

Man, Lai Sum (2016) Pest Status, Sustainable Pest Management And Development Of An Online Pest Reporting System For Healthcare Facilities In Singapore. PhD thesis, Universiti Sains Malaysia.

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    Abstract

    Tesis ini merangkumi status perosak, pengurusan perosak lestari, dan pembangunan sistem laporan maklumat atas talian untuk pusat kemudahan penjagaan kesihatan di Singapura. Lebih daripada separuh (52.5%) jumlah responden (200 orang) melaporkan bahawa semut adalah perosak yang paling kerap dijumpai di pusat kemudahan penjagaan kesihatan. Hanya 10% responden berpendapat bahawa penghapusan perosak tanpa menggunakan racun serangga adalah penting. Kurang daripada separuh daripada jumlah responden memahami kepentingan kebersihan dalam program pengurusan perosak. Sejumlah 87% responden mengetahui Pengurusan Perosak Bersepadu (IPM). Data mengenai perosak yang dikumpulkan antara tahun 2008 - 2010 menunjukkan bahawa semut, tikus, lalat, nyamuk dan lipas adalah perosak-perosak yang paling biasa ditemui di pusat kemudahan penjagaan kesihatan. Daripada lima perosak tersebut, semut merupakan perosak yang paling banyak menerima permintaan perkhidmatan. Dengan pemeriksaan yang teliti, penangkapan intensif, penutupan jurang dan pemantauan secara berterusan, tikus-tikus rumah di dalam lima blok perubatan di Hospital Besar Singapura telah dihapuskan dalam jangka 3 bulan. Sebahagian besar daripada tikus-tikus rumah ini ditangkap di lokasi-lokasi yang ada makanan (78 tikus rumah) berbanding dengan lokasi-lokasi tanpa makanan (14 tikus rumah) semasa tempoh penangkapan intensif. In this thesis, the pest status in healthcare facilities (HFs) in Singapore, along with the sustainable management for pest ants and rodents, were studied. Also, an online reporting system (pest-online) was developed and tested as the reporting system for HFs in Singapore. More than half (52.5%) of the 200 healthcare personnel reported ants as the most common pest they encountered in the HFs. Only 10% of the respondents felt that using non-chemical way to kill a pest is important. Less than half of the healthcare personnel understand the importance of sanitation in a pest management program.87% of the respondents had never heard of Integrated Pest Management (IPM). Pest data collected between 2008 and 2010 showed that ants, rodents, flies, mosquito and cockroach were the top five pests that commonly found in the HFs. Of the five pests, ants received the most service requests. With thorough inspection, intensive trapping, proofing and constant monitoring, the year-long roof rat infestation at the five medical blocks at Singapore General Hospital was eliminated in 3 months. Higher numbers of roof rats were caught at the food areas (78 roof rats) as compared to non-food areas (14 roof rats) during the mass trapping.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH1 Natural history (General - Including nature conservation, geographical distribution)
    Divisions: Pusat Pengajian Sains Kajihayat (School of Biological Sciences) > Thesis
    Depositing User: Mr Noorazilan Noordin
    Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2017 14:11
    Last Modified: 10 Apr 2017 10:12
    URI: http://eprints.usm.my/id/eprint/32194

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