Determinants Of Fertility Behavior And Contraceptive Usage Among Married Women In The Productive Age: A Case Study Of Shiraz County, Iran

Asadisarvestani, Khadijeh (2016) Determinants Of Fertility Behavior And Contraceptive Usage Among Married Women In The Productive Age: A Case Study Of Shiraz County, Iran. PhD thesis, Universiti Sains Malaysia.

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    Abstract

    Iran seperti negara-negara lain telah mengalami banyak perubahan demografi. Kejayaan program perancangan keluarga serta pembangunan sosio-ekonomi telah menyumbang kepada penurunan kadar kesuburan secara dramatik di Iran. Justeru, para perancang dasar Iran sedang meneliti semula dasar yang berkaitan dengan kependudukan untuk menambahbaik kadar kesuburan. Walaupun program peancangan keluarga di Iran adalah antara yang berjaya di dunia, namun masalah seperti keperluan yang tidak dipenuhi, kehamilan tidak dikehendaki dan pengguguran haram masih lagi mempunyai peratusan yang tinggi. Oleh itu, tujuan utama kajian ini adalah untuk menyelidik faktor-faktor yang memberikan kesan terhadap perilaku kesuburan serta penggunaan kaedah perancangan keluarga. Kerangka teori telah dibina berdasarkan teori transisi demografi, teori permintaan dan pengeluaran serta teori difusi. Kajian ini merupakan sebuah penyelidikan secara kuantitatif, menggunakan kaji selidik. Sampel bagi kajian ini merupakan golongan wanita yang telah berkahwin dalam lingkungan umur subur (15-49 tahun) yang tinggal di sekitar Wilayah Shiraz, Iran. Data ini telah dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan kaedah soal selidik daripada 626 wanita yang telah dipilih melalui kaedah pengumpulan sampel kluster pelbagai dan persampelan bertujuan. Analisis data telah dijalankan dengan menggunakan SPSS (versi 20). Iran like other countries has experienced a lot of demographic changes. The success of the Iranian family planning program as well as socioeconomic changes has contributed towards a dramatic decline in fertility rate. As a result, Iranian policy makers are revising population policies to improve the fertility rate. On the other hand, although a family planning program of Iran is one of the most successful family planning programs in the world, but it still has many unsolved problems such as a high rate of unmet need, unwanted pregnancies and illegal abortions. Hence, the main purpose of this research was to investigate factors that affect both fertility behavior and contraceptive usage in Shiraz County, Iran. A theoretical framework has been designed based on demographic transition theory, demand-supply theory and diffusion theory. The study is a quantitative research and its technique is survey. The sample of this study was all married women in productive age (15-49) who were living in the Shiraz County (include Shiraz City and rural areas). Data has been collected by questionnaire from 626 women who were selected by multi cluster sampling and purposive sampling. Data were analyzed using SPSS (version 20).

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General) > H1-99 Social sciences (General)
    Divisions: Pusat Pengajian Sains Kemasyarakatan (School of Social Sciences) > Thesis
    Depositing User: Mr Noorazilan Noordin
    Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2017 12:00
    Last Modified: 11 Apr 2017 15:23
    URI: http://eprints.usm.my/id/eprint/32172

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