The Application Of John Locke Social Contract Theory To The Practice Of Democracy In Nigeria From 1999 To 2015

Akuva, Isaac Iorhen (2016) The Application Of John Locke Social Contract Theory To The Practice Of Democracy In Nigeria From 1999 To 2015. PhD thesis, Universiti Sains Malaysia.

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    Abstract

    Kajian ini merupakan suatu aplikasi teori dan penelitian terhadap amalan demokrasi di Nigeria dari 1999 hingga 2015 menggunakan Teori Kontrak Sosial John Locke. Objektif utama kajian ini adalah untuk menentukan tabii dan karakter amalan demokrasi di Nigeria dari sudut pandang Teori Kontrak Sosial John Locke. Kajian juga mengkaji impak dikotomi di antara Teori Kontrak Sosial John Locke. dan amalan demokrasi di Nigeria dari 1999 hingga 2015. Data kajian diperoleh daripada sumber primer dan sekunder. Kaedah yang digunakan untuk menganalisis data adalah pendekatan deskriptif kritikal berdasarkan triangulasi. Dapatan kajian ini menunjukkan bahawa tabii dan karakter demokrasi di Nigeria dari 1999 hingga 2015 adalah dicirikan oleh pelanggaran undang-undang (lawlessness) dan impuniti (bebas daripada hukuman). Dikotomi di antara Teori Kontrak Sosial John Locke. dan amalan demokrasi di Nigeria didapati bertanggungjawab terhadap pengasingan majoriti rakyat daripada proses pembentukan negara Nigeria, dan pendrafan serta pengesahan Perlembagaan Nigeria 1999. Ditemui juga bahawa kebanyakan pendakwaan dan pelaksanaan kuasa prerogatif dari 1999 hingga 2015 tidak mematuhi peruntukan yang ditetapkan dalam Teori Kontrak Sosial John Locke dan Perlembagaan Nigeria 1999. This study is the theoretical application and investigation of the practice of democracy in Nigeria from 1999 to 2015 using John Locke’s Social Contract Theory. The major objective of this study was to find out the nature and character of the practice of democracy in Nigeria in the light of John Locke’s Social Contract Theory. The study also investigated the impacts of the dichotomy between John Locke’s Social Contract Theory and the practice of democracy in Nigeria from 1999 to 2015. The data presented in this study was obtained from the primary and secondary sources. The method used to analyze the data was the critical descriptive approach based on triangulation. The findings of this study showed that the nature and character of the practice of democracy in Nigeria from 1999 to 2015 were characterized by lawlessness and impunity. The dichotomy between John Locke’s Social Contract Theory and the practice of democracy in Nigeria was found to have been responsible for the alienation of the majority of the people from the processes which led to the creation of the Nigerian State, the drafting, and ratification of the 1999 Constitution of Nigeria. It was further discovered that most of the impeachments and the exercise of the power of prerogative from 1999 to 2015 did not adhere to the provisions of Locke’s Social Contract Theory and the 1999 Constitution of Nigeria.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General) > H1-99 Social sciences (General)
    Divisions: Pusat Pengajian Sains Kemasyarakatan (School of Social Sciences) > Thesis
    Depositing User: Mr Noorazilan Noordin
    Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2017 08:21
    Last Modified: 11 Apr 2017 15:23
    URI: http://eprints.usm.my/id/eprint/32166

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