Effects Of Oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein By Thymoquinone In Lipidloaded Mcf-7 Breast Cancer Cells

Abdul Hamid, Auni Fatin (2016) Effects Of Oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein By Thymoquinone In Lipidloaded Mcf-7 Breast Cancer Cells. Masters thesis, Universiti Sains Malaysia.

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    Abstract

    Kanser payudara adalah punca utama kematian di kalangan wanita di seluruh dunia dan kajian baru-baru ini mendedahkan bahawa lipoprotein berketumpatan rendah teroksida (ox-LDL) menyumbang kepada peningkatan risiko kanser payudara. Thymoquinone (TQ) telah dikaji secara meluas dalam patogenesis kanser melalui in vivo dan in vitro, tetapi terdapat kekurangan laporan mengenai kawal atur lipid dalam sel kanser. Oleh itu, objektif kajian ini adalah untuk menjelaskan kesan ox-LDL kepada pertumbuhan sel kanser payudara serta mekanisma metabolisma lipid dan pertumbuhan sel di peringkat molekul yang dikawal atur oleh TQ. Kesan toksik TQ dianalisis melalui ujian MTS. Sel MCF-7 didedahkan kepada 10 μg/ml ox-LDL, diikuti oleh rawatan dengan 20 μM TQ untuk kajian ke atas kebergantungan kepada masa. Lokasi dan ekspresi protein sasaran dikaji melalui kaedah immunopendarfluor dan pemendapan Western. Ini diikuti oleh analisis qRT-PCR ke atas ekspresi VAMP4 dan EGLN1. Breast cancer is the leading cause of death among women worldwide and recent studies revealed that oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) contributed to increased risk of breast cancer. To date, thymoquinone (TQ) is widely studied both in vivo and in vitro in cancer pathogenesis, but there is lack of reports on its lipid regulation in cancer cells. Thus, the objectives of this study were to elucidate the effects of ox-LDL on breast cancer cell growth as well as the molecular mechanisms of lipid metabolism and cell proliferation regulated by TQ. Cytotoxicity of TQ was analyzed using MTS assay. MCF-7 cells were exposed to 10 μg/ml of ox-LDL, followed by treatment with 20 μM of TQ for time-dependent study. Localization and expression of target proteins were studied through immunofluorescence and Western blot methods. This was followed by qRT-PCR analysis on genomic expression of VAMP4 and EGLN1.

    Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
    Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry > RK1-715 Dentistry
    Divisions: Institut Perubatan & Pergigian Termaju (Advanced Medical & Dental Institute) > Thesis
    Depositing User: Mr Noorazilan Noordin
    Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2017 15:22
    Last Modified: 24 May 2017 09:15
    URI: http://eprints.usm.my/id/eprint/32109

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