The Effect Of Task Complexity And Task Condition On Iranian Efl Learners' Accuracy, Complexity And Fluency Of Written Task Performance

Zahabi, Ali (2016) The Effect Of Task Complexity And Task Condition On Iranian Efl Learners' Accuracy, Complexity And Fluency Of Written Task Performance. PhD thesis, Universiti Sains Malaysia.

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    Abstract

    Kajian ini bertujuan mengkaji bagaimana peningkatan tahap kekompleksan tugasan (tugasan Here-and-Now vs. There-and-Then) mempengaruhi prestasi tugasan penulisan pelajar EFL Iran, semasa melaksanakan tugasan open vs. closed yang diutarakan dalam hipotesis Robinson's Cognition (2001). Seramai 64 orang pelajar tahun satu ijazah pertama yang belajar di Universiti Azad, Gorgan, Iran terlibat sama dalam kajian ini. Mereka dipilih secara rawak dan dibahagikan ke dalam dua kumpulan yang sama: satu kumpulan didedahkan dengan tugasan Here-and-Now dan satu kumpulan lagi didedahkan dengan tugasan Thereand- Then . Setiap kumpulan diminta untuk menceritakan dua jenis cerita yang berbeza pada dua keadaan yang juga berbeza, iaitu open vs. closed. Dalam empat kumpulan eksperimen, peserta menonton cerita kartun, yang merupakan cerita bergambar 9-rangka. Kemudiannya, prestasi penulisan mereka dinilai atau diukur bagi kekompleksan, ketepatan, dan kelancaran (complexity, accuracy, and fluency, CAP). Bagi menguji cara dua variabel bebas daripada tugasan Here-and-Now dan There-and-Then memberi kesan terhadap variabel bersandar, maka skor kasar peserta dimasukkan dalam perisian komputer SPSS (version 20). The purpose of this study is to investigate how increasing the level of task complexity (Here-and-Now vs. There-and-Then tasks) influences the written task performance of Iranian EFL Learners while performing open vs. closed tasks led by Robinson's Cognition Hypothesis (2001). Sixty four first year undergraduate students studying at Islamic Azad University of Gorgan, Iran served as the participants of this study. They were randomly selected and divided into two equal groups of those with Here-and-Now tasks and those with There-and-Then tasks. Each group was asked to narrate two different types of stories under the two different conditions, open vs. closed. In the four experimental groups, the participants were presented with the cartoon picture which was a nine-frame picture story. Then, their writing performance was measured for complexity, accuracy, and fluency (CAF). To test the way the two independent variables of Here-and-Now task and There-and-Then task affect the dependent variables, the raw scores of the participants were fed into the computer software SPSS (version 20).

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Subjects: P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics > P1-1091 Philology. Linguistics(General)
    Divisions: Pusat Pengajian Bahasa Literasi & Terjemahan (School of Languages, Literacies and Translation) > Thesis
    Depositing User: Mr Noorazilan Noordin
    Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2017 16:38
    Last Modified: 13 Mar 2017 10:36
    URI: http://eprints.usm.my/id/eprint/31720

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