A Study Of Women Micro Entrepreneurs In Malaysia: Livelihood Strategies And Challenges

Musa, Mazidah and Shuib, Rashidah and Selamat, Nor Hafizah and Mohd Isa, Salmi and Osman, Intan and Abu Bakar, Saridan (2016) A Study Of Women Micro Entrepreneurs In Malaysia: Livelihood Strategies And Challenges. In: 3rd KANITA POSTGRADUATE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON GENDER STUDIES, 16 – 17 November 2016, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang.

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    Abstract

    Micro entrepreneurs play an important role in Malaysia’s vision by achieving high income economy by 2020. Micro business assists local economies and contributes to a thriving economic growth. Government provides several types of aids and assistance such as microcredit facilities, short-term loan, tools and equipment to facilitate microbusinesses. As a result, by 2010, there were 77% micro entrepreneurs. However, according to the report by the Small and Medium Enterprise Corporation Malaysia (SME Corp. Malaysia), at least 75% of the business failed during their first year of operation. This figure is worrying and has to be studied in order to understand the real problems faced by Malaysian micro entrepreneurs. A qualitative study was conducted on a sample of 18 women micro entrepreneurs from Kedah, Perlis, Kelantan, Selangor and Penang using in-depth interviews. A set of guideline questions was constructed guided by the gender analytical framework and an adaptation of the Sustainable Livelihood framework, focusing on three aspects; financial capital, human capital and social capital as well as the livelihood strategies taken by the women. A thematic analysis done showed that the women entrepreneurs adopted several livelihood strategies such as doing innovation in business and producing various products to increase sales”. In terms of livelihood assets, the women entrepreneurs had to grapple with gender issues of child care, lack of family support and negative perceptions from the community, insufficient raw materials and capital to expand their businesses. Based on the research, sustainable livelihood has not been achieved by women entrepreneurs as a result of the problems mentioned. A multi-sectoral intervention are needed to support women entrepreneurs such as providing quality child care centers, provision of capital facilities and ensuring sufficient flow of raw materials.

    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
    Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > B Philosophy (General) > B1-5802 Philosophy (General)
    Divisions: Pusat Penyelidikan Wanita dan Gender (Centre for Research on Women and Gender) > KANITA Postgraduate International Conference on Gender Studies (KPICGS)
    Depositing User: Mr Noorazilan Noordin
    Date Deposited: 23 Dec 2016 10:09
    Last Modified: 23 Dec 2016 10:09
    URI: http://eprints.usm.my/id/eprint/31318

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