Hadi, M. R. A. and Kamaruljan, H. Shamsul and Saedah, A. and Nik Abdullah, N. M. (2004) A Comparative Study Of Intravenous Patient- Controlled Analgesia Morphine And Tramadol In Patients Undergoing Major Operation. Working Paper. Universiti Sains Malaysia.
The success of major surgery depends partly on providing effective post-operative pain relief, which can be achieved by morphine administration via patient controlled analgesic (PCA) system. Tramadol is a weak opioid analgesic, which act mainly on µ-opioids receptor. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of intravenous PCA tramadol in comparison with PCA morphine in term of analgesic properties, sedation and side effects. In this study, a randomized, double-blinded study was conducted on 160 ASA I and II patients who underwent major operations.
Actions (login required)